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Coursework General Education Capstone For your final assignment in this course, go back through your experiences in this course and in your Grantham experience so far.Think about the ways your course work has helped to make you a stronger, better informed individual, and what rights and responsibilities come along with that growth.
Write a two to three page reflection paper addressing the following questions Present the assignment in TWO parts clearly labelled Part A and Part B. Assignment Task Part A: Essay (1000 words) Choose a JUNIOR secondary HSIE/SOSE syllabus that you intend to teach from and write a structured essay (each section must be clearly labelled) in which you explain how fieldwork […] .Write a two to three page reflection paper addressing the following questions.
What have you learned about the world around you?What have you learned about creating and maintaining relationships with others?What have you learned about yourself and the way you learn?What have you learned about your responsibility to others?What more do you need to know? At the conclusion of your paper, create a brief, personal mission statement about what you value, what you want to accomplish, and your plans to achieve those More | Order Now A sample of students attending a large university has been selected.Is there a statistically significant difference between Liberal Arts majors and other students on average number of books (other than those required by course work) read per year? Use the five step model and write a sentence or two interpreting your results.Liberal ArtsOther Describe ways that you have taken initiative this semester to complete course work, generate and pursue opportunities to expand your knowledge, skills, and abilities in this field Reference Textbook: Ecology: Concepts and Applications, 6th or 7th editions by Manuel C. Moles Jr. published by McGraw-Hill …There should be an immediate response. Use the order calculator below and get ordering with platinumtermpapers.com now! Number of pages, Paper urgency, Cost per page: 1 page/275 .Liberal ArtsOther Describe ways that you have taken initiative this semester to complete course work, generate and pursue opportunities to expand your knowledge, skills, and abilities in this field.(Consider attendance, class participation, and meeting deadlines as indicators of this)Read More | Order Now Steps in mapping Explanation on how the boxes communicate Benefit and limitation of the map in business To complete this task you will 1 Develop a detailed teaching program for one Year 1-2 or HSC level module or on similar document from other jurisdictions senior science courses.
It is strongly recommended that you focus on the area that you have already explored, Your program must include: a.Safety considerations • Ensuring that the relevant hours outlined in the syllabus are met • Being organised into a sequence that reflects the authentic organisation of most school settings (i.
approximately four hours of science instruction per week, spread over the week) • Includes time for the implementation of the assessment task you have developed in Assignment 1.The following guideline is based on the NSW syllabuses.If you are not from NSW, please ensure that you add a copy of the relevant sections of the documentation from your jurisdiction as an appendix to your assignment.In the development of your teaching program, it is recommended that you follow the various steps outlined below, reporting on and providing information on the following aspects in your assignment: a.An analysis of the relationship between the Prescribed Focus Areas (PFA’s) and the selected HSC Module’s Outcomes and the Contextual Outline of the module that you have chosen.
A list of the key concepts or ideas that are included in the whole module based upon the Knowledge and Understanding outcomes that are found in the central column of the module that you have chosen.From the right hand column, develop a full list the investigations (both first hand and second hand) that must be performed.Include full reference details for each investigation.
Using the Skills Outcomes map the specific skills being developed in/through each investigation for your chosen module.A fully developed teaching program in which the scope and sequencing of all teaching/learning activities is indicated.As part of this teaching program an appropriate timescale which is related to the components of your sequence and permits the teaching of all the concepts and skills within the total time available (usually 35 hours) and integrates the main concepts/ideas and skills.The teaching program must include information on Module outcomes, lesson content and investigations, teaching strategies, and resource materials.
A brief lesson sequence suggesting/summarising what you would anticipate doing in each of the lessons across the unit (N.you do NOT have to develop full lesson plans for this section, but need to indicate an outline of your direction) f.A list of teaching resources (texts, worksheets, websites etc.
) covering the concepts, content and problems that need to be examined in this module.From all of the information gathered for the above sections, you should now be able to develop the final teaching program for the module you have chosen.Your program should be sufficiently detailed so that the program could be used as is, by another teacher, without reference to you, to teach this module to HSC standard.As the modules from different syllabus documents will vary in length, there is no set “limit” on this assignment.The following, however, should be taken as a guide.
Each part of (a) to (c) should be able to be answered in one page (combined).Part (d) should be answered in 3-5 pages while Part (e) should take a maximum of one page.Include a list of references using APA guidelines for resources used, citations included and syllabus references.2 The second part of this assessment task requires you to indicate how your teaching program (from Q1) will be evaluated.That is, what strategies will you use to evaluate the impact that your program is having on student learning? You need to describe at least three ways in which you would collect evidence, including feedback from students, and student assessment data.
Then, explain how you would process the evidence collected to inform your planning and teaching.Rationale The purpose of this assignment is to develop your expertise in programming a senior science course.In EMS441, you examined the structure and requirements of the development of a junior teaching program and this assessment applies those skills for a piece of work at Senior level.As such, it represents an authentic task that would be required of you as a school practitioner and will result in a resource able to be used in your teaching.Also authentic to good teaching practice is the use of feedback for evaluation of teaching.
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Feedback and the consequent changes made to teaching/learning activities form an important part of good teaching practiceRead More | Order Now a) State the Title of the Paper & Name(s) of the Authors.b) State whether the article is an Original Article, a Systematic Review, a Critical Review or a Meta-analysis? c) Did the author state a Hypothesis or raise a Guiding question or make ordinary statement about the Research Topic.Identify the hypothesis or question asked or statement made either in the Introduction or Materials/Method section of the article (paper) We write academic papers for students in High School, College, University (freshman, sophomore, Junior, Senior), Graduate or Masters and PhDs. The work we deliver every All orders are entered into our system through our online order form that is available here or by clicking the link “make order.” The form has fields for .Identify the hypothesis or question asked or statement made either in the Introduction or Materials/Method section of the article (paper).
d) Critique that is criticize the Literature Review part? Is the information her relevant to the Title of the Article, Is it too little or too much in scope ? Any other criticism you may wish to make e) What were the Materials and Methods? Describe these as stated by the authors.This part is very important in any scientific article f) Explain how Results were presented.
g) What is your opinion about the Discussion/Conclusions/Recommendations? h) In a separate paragraph, explain well why you “enjoy” or “do not enjoy the More | Order NowThe results section from the dissertation would be a Regression analysis of 3 variables (multiple regression) 26 Oct 2016 - Dependent upon the need the he may just without trouble seek the on the web, talk with colleagues and amass any data he can by utilizing stand-out way. The measure of request the buyer is going to do relies upon incalculable particular things as well, for example, the top notch of his need, the availability .g) What is your opinion about the Discussion/Conclusions/Recommendations? h) In a separate paragraph, explain well why you “enjoy” or “do not enjoy the More | Order NowThe results section from the dissertation would be a Regression analysis of 3 variables (multiple regression).Procrastination and mindfulness rates (Independent Variables) as predictors of Academic stress rates (Dependent Variable) jreference.com/homework/constitutional-law.php.Procrastination and mindfulness rates (Independent Variables) as predictors of Academic stress rates (Dependent Variable).Use the provided Data (scores of the 3 above variables from the survey provided)run the analysis in SPSS and do the write upjreference.com/homework/constitutional-law.php.Use the provided Data (scores of the 3 above variables from the survey provided)run the analysis in SPSS and do the write up .The structure of section includes 1) Assumptions 2) Descriptives 3 )correlations and 4)regression.In the descriptives, correlation and regression parts should be added and 3 total the analysis should be approximat 600 words and the pages are 2-3 (due to tables).
APA format is More | Order Now Part 1 For each of the variables listed below, you must 1) determine the level of measurement and 2) say whether it is categorical or continuous: a) the amount of resistance a suspect displays toward the police, measured as not resistant, somewhat resistant, very resistant b) the number of times someone has shoplifted in his/her life c) the number of times someone has shoplifted, measured as 0-2, 3-5, 6 or more.d) in a sample of juvenile delinquents, whether or not those juveniles have substance abuse disorders e) the type of attorney a defendant has at trial, measured as privately retained or publicly funded f) a prosecutor’s filing decisions, measured as filed charges and did not file charges g) in a sample of offenders sentenced to prison, the number of days in their sentences.Part 2 Below are two research scenarios.For each scenario, answer the three questions below 1.
A researcher wishes to test the hypothesis that arrest deters recidivism.
She gathers a sample of people who have been arrested.a) what is the independent variable? b) what is the dependent variable? c) what is the unit of analysis? 2.A researcher wishes to test the hypothesis that prison architecture design affects the number of inmate-on-inmate assaults that take place inside a facility.He gathers a sample of prisons across the United States.a) what is the independent variable? b) what is the dependent variable? Introduction This project is intended to conduct a marketing analysis and propose a marketing strategy for a new product of Nighthawk Motors, Ecostar a new Plug-in Hybrid.
The Nighthawk Motors, is going to introduce and new Plug-in Hybrid which will be facing main competition from Nighthawk Motors Ecostar.The Ecostar is $3000 less than Toyota Prius which will be main marketing edge to the company.The intended purpose or goal of this strategy is to eliminate the worries of the customers regarding the repairs and make this product as the first choice of the people in hybrid.This strategy will be intended to beat Nighthawk Motors Ecostar in the market and become the number one on the hybrid.Analysis Target Market Ecostar has a position with the scale back/medium explorer automobile part (C).
Ecostar has the advantage of being the ‘key mass conveyed 1/2 and half of auto’ and barring Honda discernment would not have a substitute as a result as this sort of an auto is new and does not have much substitutes the restriction simply isn’t organization.At the point when diverged from the most vital distinctive decision of hybrid auto that is the Honda discernment it when stood out from Ecostar would not present an identical comfort.The reason for existing is clear, Honda’s knowledge is a two seat practices auto in spite of the fact that Ecostar hopes to offer the level of comfort that beginning some other fragment C auto magnificent of Ecostar for its regular customers.The commercial center for Nighthawk Motors’ hybrid auto can likewise be isolated into 2 critical arrangements exchange, customers (B2B) and client buyers (individual buyers) industry customers use of buyers who both by utilizing the auto for contract/townhouse reason or for the gathering task force.Therefore of low working value the Ecostar transforms into an alluring choice for Nighthawk Motors’ industry customers.
Auto dealers are also buyers anyway they ought not have an excessive option thus they need to introduce the auto that Nighthawk Motors guarantees subsequently the wide assortment of those “customers” can be set by method for the association.The clients obtaining technique begins much speedier than he makes the genuine purchase and continues extensive after that.To affect the shopper lead we initially need to separate and comprehend the customer’s desires and needs.To unmistakably recognize the thinking strategy for the business clients and the customer purchasers the going with is the entire cycle which has 5 orchestrates in it.Affirmation: The buying strategy start with affirmation – the buyer sees his desires and needs.
It can be initiated by both an outside and internal helps.The internal supports will likewise be initiated when his conventional need begins to upward push, for instance, for desire for sustenance or thirst and is by all accounts so over the top to weight them.A need can moreover be enacted by method for external supports for representation an advert of an auto may simply pass on the necessity for a pleasing power or low-conservation value auto (Dholakia 2001; Frey and Jegen 2001).After the affirmation happens the client will seek out the thing in order to satisfy his need.
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On the off peril that the purchaser has one more auto then he’ll give cautious thought to autos, find of vehicles, cars guaranteed by utilizing friends and family and any auto exchange any individual is having.
Dependent upon the need the he may just without trouble seek the on the web, talk with colleagues and amass any data he can by utilizing stand-out way.The measure of request the buyer is going to do relies upon incalculable particular things as well, for example, the top notch of his need, the availability of data, the effortlessness of acquiring additional data and the degree of accomplishment from such interest 19 Jun 2015 - Evans, J. R. (2013). Statistics, data analysis, and decision modeling (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Posted in Best Custom Dissertations Writing Service. Question 1. Summarize statistical methods used in forecasting and the types of time series to which they are most appropriate. Question .The measure of request the buyer is going to do relies upon incalculable particular things as well, for example, the top notch of his need, the availability of data, the effortlessness of acquiring additional data and the degree of accomplishment from such interest.
The data can begin from innumerable sources, for instance, singular sources (friends and family and buddies), by business sources (grouped promotions, bargains headways, packaging, appears and numerous others), by method for open sources (broad interchanges, web esteem conclusions et cetera), and experiential sources (making utilization of the item outfitted via administering and looking at them) for example for this obstruction a sweep constrain of Ecostar.The effect of those data sources depends on the client’s needs Evans J R 2013 Statistics data analysis and decision modeling nbsp.The effect of those data sources depends on the client’s needs.In US Nielson’s be shown it was found that 78% of customers get basically the most responsible guaranteeing of information from others Evans J R 2013 Statistics data analysis and decision modeling nbsp.
In US Nielson’s be shown it was found that 78% of customers get basically the most responsible guaranteeing of information from others.
The customer’s care and discovering of the reachable item may simply help him to drop exact contraptions.Nighthawk Motors will need to move on along these lines to characterize a publicizing mix to make its prospect buyers cognizant and found out about his photograph.Correlation: after the preparatory two-levels of that is the affirmation and request is finished the movement three “examination” turns out to be more likely than not the real angle.The gathering wishes to comprehend the alternative decision of the buyer in case he rather would not Ecostar.The assessment stage is a troublesome one as purchasers don’t use simple or single appraisal strategy in purchasing anything there seem, by all accounts, to be incalculable process at work.
Close by these lines the association must study customers to identify how they decently check stamp alternatives.If the gathering acknowledges what evaluative framework goes on they can have the chance to affect the buyer’s decisions (Jansson, 2009).Buying Process of customers For a few buyers, selecting an auto is typically a tangled and exorbitant incorporation.Notwithstanding the way that vehicles are ceaselessly used items, they’re in like manner occasionally bought devices.In addition, a vehicle is expensive, there’s a sweeping choice and the result of no longer settling on pleasant regularly continues going a drawn out extend of time and may simply value a goliath measure to revise.
Buyers go into the technique of advantageously evaluating autos for purchase once they unearth a capable desire or necessity for an auto (Dholakia 2001; Frey and Jegen 2001).Blended with the capacity and needing to buy, the purchaser is guaranteed to be “accessible in the market” for yet another auto.This infers the customer is saving cash or has passage to stores for acquirement, and they’ve stable destinations to complete the buy rapidly.We have gained this that method for ‘accessible in the market’ for buy to choose the example for our examination.To help them get in contact at a last decision, various clients will weigh and survey elite additional items.
In the meantime the parts that are surveyed and their significance are required to contrast for individual customers, as a social event, they’re depended upon to accept about some typical frill.These can incorporate rate, unique sense/execution, feel, the ‘way of life/picture’ related with a few makes/units, social affect and the auto’s environmental accreditations like mileage/outpourings (Griskevicius et al.Shoppers use weighting of these elements underneath proposal as a sort of shorthand to settle on their ordinary administration control less convoluted.
They make utilization of the degree of significance of the autos’ extras or social occasions of segments that casing factors to help them reduce the things that are being considered.
These weights can be discernible to shape key thought sets and are quite often going to at long last be used to build up “purchase parameters”.These buy parameters tend to outline a perfect conclusion making or –breaking standards for acquisition.Inside the assessment procedure, the supporter shows up for autos that acceptable handle the option parameters that they have created up.A standard framework for delineating this approach is as an exchange off between a considerable amount of factors and estimations.On the off risk that this trade off framework is driven by means of dominating normal or unessential thought processes, then it’s feasible that these causes will display themselves in the factors or estimations which are used with the guide of customers to look at vehicles for acquisition.
These estimations are now and again known as client proposition sets.On this vibe, a man who’s purchasing an auto to “superstar” could review primarily make utilization of inside and out excellent thought units to these used by method for a buyer who is routinely moved and buys a half of and half car considering that they yearning to save the earth.This assortment of general authority framework oversees investigators the danger to pay consideration on the factors that go into thought for the buy of vehicles.It may even be conceivable to think concerning the determination sets used for the purchase of a considerable amount of things or diverse sorts of vehicles (e.Characteristic cars versus petrol-electric 1/2 breed vehicles).Presently, it is invaluable to compensate the conceivable estimations and manufactures that buyers could use for deciding on between a considerable number of autos.Thing execution/work suits appraisals of how the protest is as a general rule going to perform (Lavidge and Steiner 1961).Utility is a commonplace measure thing execution.The purchaser can check execution coordinate by method for test-driving the auto or could get it second hand through the media or by method for verbal.
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Thing survey is solidly perceived with execution and is the thing’s obvious decent and living arrangements (Jansson, 2009).Customers may simply trust that hybrids make convey down releases, making upgrades to it a five star car.More often than not, thing outstanding is conversely connected with question rate .More often than not, thing outstanding is conversely connected with question rate.
The cost of an auto consolidates its sticker price and running expenses.In Australia, a Prius costs $16,000 more than a Corolla, which is a commensurate auto (Toyota Australia, 2010) Case Study Revision Essays Term Papers Theses Dissertations nbsp.
In Australia, a Prius costs $16,000 more than a Corolla, which is a commensurate auto (Toyota Australia, 2010).
Strolling uses for move breeds are furthermore for basically the most bigger segment Case Study Revision Essays Term Papers Theses Dissertations nbsp.Strolling uses for move breeds are furthermore for basically the most bigger segment.Is that this esteem best class a recommendation for combo customers? The rate of an auto has been resolved to be unequivocally related with its conspicuous photo (Heffner, Kurani and Turrentine 2005, 2007) jreference.com/thesis-proposal/need-to-purchase-a-college-engineering-thesis-proposal-6-pages-1650-words-british-single-spaced-cheap.Is that this esteem best class a recommendation for combo customers? The rate of an auto has been resolved to be unequivocally related with its conspicuous photo (Heffner, Kurani and Turrentine 2005, 2007).For representation, costly autos are clear to be prestigious and liberal.By utilizing suggestion, this distinction is traded to its driver.So also, Prius drivers may get benefits through the “unpracticed” photograph associated with mix vehicles.
Social effect can affect a man’s decisions (Ajzen 1991).People make utilization of specific things to settle on up acceptance, fit in with, and to fulfill social last inside ached for reference clusters (Steg 2005; Heffner, Kurani and Turrentine 2007; Pelletier et al.1998; Griskevicius, Tybur and Van sanctuary Bergh 2010).This part has been observed to be essentially additional grounded for only a couple of social events of clients (Steg 2005).Generally these buyers are portrayed as conformists who will take after the headings and necessities of their referent social occasions.
These estimations help the buyer choose which auto to purchase.Marketing Strategy A best marketing configurator The present ‘fortify your auto with none arrangement’ suggestion that is ubiquitous inside the car business, Nighthawk Motors cars will offer customers a simple and valuable experience that starts with what it calls ‘the makers assurance’: a completely demonstrated auto which the buyer can then accommodate in perspective of individual style and spending arrangement(Jansson, 2009).Once the choice has been made, the purchaser gets a brief video which exhibits the auto of decision in real life.This may achieve a clear, cool, pleasant and best rate encounter.The fresh out of the box new Nighthawk Motors autos site isn’t any more drawn out only a wellspring of learning.
It is a maker association wherein every show and every last piece of information is laid out in a Nighthawk Motors way and as per the Nighthawk Motors organization and qualities.B2B Strategy A couple automobile producers place resources into gathered brand centers, headquartered in colossal urban groups.Nighthawk Motors cars assumes that every Nighthawk Motors shipper is an organization focus in solitude.That is the method of reasoning the establishment has started to realize the going with exercises: All new dealerships can have an all through uniform lay-out and appear and accept.Outer and inside will appear and think Scandinavian and moderately Nighthawk Motors (Jansson, 2009).
Existing dealerships will most likely be updated relatively with minimal fragile variables which have any sort of result.These will show the Scandinavian establishments of the Nighthawk Motors stamp and the vital thing qualities and buyer advantages of Nighthawk Motors things.Nighthawk Motors autos will execute little differentiators that underline the association’s Scandinavian and Swedish legacy.Outlines join giving buyers a drink in Sweden-made glasses, sound and acknowledge additional items that delineate a Scandinavian soul and keeping up/parlor zones that present highlights from Swedish suppers.All benefit supplier staff will mastery a guideline programming to be adjusted with these new buyer change frameworks and principles.
European dealership staff might be dressed by method for Swedish shape fashioner Oscar Jacobsson.Conclusion We can conclude that if the Nighthawk Motors uses the above discussed strategies for making the Ecostar in best and first choice of the customers in the Hybrid, then they can achieve their goals to a great extent.In this paper we have considered all of the in-out talents results of the industry parts open to make certain that each fragment is notion about.We energize a correspondences framework that makes utilization of publicizing, man or woman promoting, new media and average mail, radio and TV.
Singular supplying might be rendered via the gift arrangement of close-by way of purchasers.
Television will probably be used for ads and Print out of doors media to start the purchases.The web will anticipate a significant phase to both advertising and regular postal mail, making use of a propelled medium to underscore the bolstered character of this vehicle.Nonetheless that this course of motion so far is handiest an development organize, and now not conclude, it may well shape above all if pre or publish-testing supply hurting occurs and in step with its effect shall be found out the way to overcome these barriers.Before making the prescribed action an extended arranging interval with consistent social affairs of all get-togethers is important to secure the unity and wholecontents of the game planReferences Ajzen, I.
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Organizational Behavior and Human DecisionProcesses 50 (2), 179-211.Complacent car addicts or aspiring environmentalists? Identifying travelbehaviour segments using attitude theory.
How does environmental concern influence specific environmentally relatedbehaviors? A new answer to an old question 24 Aug 2016 - Write a two to three page reflection paper addressing the following questions. program, it is recommended that you follow the various steps outlined below, reporting on and providing information on the following aspects in your assignment: a. A list of teaching resources (texts, worksheets, websites etc.) .How does environmental concern influence specific environmentally relatedbehaviors? A new answer to an old question.
Journal of Environmental Psychology 23(1), 21-32.
Are we all environmentalist now? Rhetoric and reality in environmental action.Environmental concern and behaviour in an Australian sample withinan ecocentric-anthropocentric framework Lecturer: Course: Date. Table of Contents: Contents Page. Overview: 3. Downward Communication 3. Upward Communication 4. Horizontal Communication 6 The top-level mangers usually communicate to their juniors the new strategies and objectives and how they are going to be executed in the organization's .Environmental concern and behaviour in an Australian sample withinan ecocentric-anthropocentric framework.Australian Journal of Psychology 58 (2), 57-67 jreference.com/dissertation/best-websites-to-purchase-an-economics-dissertation-business-american-platinum-quality.
Australian Journal of Psychology 58 (2), 57-67.
Concerns for environmental issues and consumer purchase preferences: A two- country study best websites to purchase an economics dissertation Business American Platinum.Concerns for environmental issues and consumer purchase preferences: A two- country study.Journal of International Consumer Marketing 9 (1), 43-55.
Internal and external influences on pro-environmental behavior: Participation in a green electricity program.Journal ofEnvironmental Psychology 23 (3), 237-246.A motivational process model of product involvement and consumer riskperception.European Journal of Marketing 35 (11-12), 1340-1367.Environmental behavior: Discrepancies betweenaspirations and reality.Motivational interactions: effects on behaviour.Annales deStatistique 63-64, 131-153.
Measurement and determinants of environmentallysignificant consumer behavior.
Environment and Behavior 34 (3), 335-362.Going green to be seen: status,reputation, and conspicuous conservation.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology98 (3), 392-404.Multivariate Data Analysis,Prentice-Hall, Singapore.Psychological determinants of attitudetowards and willingness to pay for green electricity.Effects of vehicle image in gasoline-hybridelectric vehicles.Proceedings of 21st Worldwide Battery, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell ElectricVehicle Symposium and Exhibition (EVS-21) 7 December 2009 .
Symbolism in California’s early market forhybrid electric vehicles.Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 12 (6),396-413.
Elucidating green consumers: a cluster analyticapproach on proenvironmental purchase and curtailment behaviors.Journal ofEuromarketing 18 (4), 245 – 267.
Observations: role-relaxed consumers: a trend of the nineties.Journal ofAdvertising Research 35 (2), 37-47.
Human nature and environmentally responsible behavior.Journal of SocialIssues 56 (3), 491-508.Overview: Communications is an essential aspect of any organization if the organization is to meet its objectives.
Communication enhances the relay of information from the source to where is required.However, there exist several categories of communication in the organizational set up each with its own purposes and weaknesses.The organizational structure of any institutional or business entity should enhance communication in the four main directions.These are downward, upward, horizontal and diagonal.The four directions indicate the structure under which the communication process of an institution occurs.
Downward Communication Customarily, most to the organization have this kind of communication.
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In this type of communication, the information is mainly relayed from the top to the lower levels of the organizations (Greenberg, & Baron, 45).The organization or institution’s heads communicate the intended information through the word of mouth, internal memos, speeches, policy manuals or team meetings.Downward communication servers several purposes in any organizational structure that are inclusive of the following (Greenberg, & Baron, 45) 12 Aug 2017 - Best website to order a anthropology report chicago academic 68 pages / 18700 words us letter size; Help me do my report anthropology original 8 hours a writing help anthropology report high quality premium 20 days academic american; Graduate papers graduate essays term papers research papers .Downward communication servers several purposes in any organizational structure that are inclusive of the following (Greenberg, & Baron, 45).
Downward communication is mainly used in the relay of information pertaining to the implementation of goals, strategies and objectives.
The top-level mangers usually communicate to their juniors the new strategies and objectives and how they are going to be executed in the organization’s structure.This direction is also used in the communication of job instructions and rationale.The mangers use this communicational direction when explaining a given task is to be performed and the existing relationship between the task and other activities (International Ombudsman Institute, 65) jreference.com/coursework/need-to-buy-an-pedagogy-coursework-doctoral-9-days-bluebook-plagiarism-free.The mangers use this communicational direction when explaining a given task is to be performed and the existing relationship between the task and other activities (International Ombudsman Institute, 65).Downward direction is also employed when relaying performance feedback jreference.com/coursework/need-to-buy-an-pedagogy-coursework-doctoral-9-days-bluebook-plagiarism-free.Downward direction is also employed when relaying performance feedback.The organization’s progress and performance is mainly relayed in the company using this mode.
The juniors are usually informed by their seniors on how they are fairing in comparison to the laid out benchmarks.The various procedures and practices in the organization are also communicated through this mode.The information of the organization’s policies, rules, regulations, and structural arrangements is usually relayed to the rest of the staff through this mode.This mainly aimed at attaining some level of harmony and uniformity in the institution’s activities.This mode of communication is also used during the socialization between the senior staff members and the junior staff.
Organizations usually hold staff parties where the entire staff is supposed to mingle around and create a sense of teamwork and belonging (Ivancevich, Konopaske, & Matteson, 102).The downward mode of communication creates a means for the relay of directives and instructions to the members of staff within the organization.However, this information may end up being distorted if it relayed from one person to another or along a long chain through the organization’s hierarchy.To ensure this does not happen it is usually advisable to relay the information through print or electronic means with the letters addressed to each of the concerned personnel (Ivancevich, Konopaske, & Matteson, 102).Upward CommunicationAlthough traditional organizations did not employ this mode of communication, behaviorists usually advocate for the employment of upward communication flows.
This mode of communication is whereby the junior staff members convey information to their seniors within the organization.This mode is crucial as it enables the senior staff to know whether the juniors have comprehended the information relayed to them and in meeting the ego needs to the personnel.This mode serves in the communication of various types of information.Upward communication when employed in a company is used in the communication of the various problems and exceptions experienced by the junior staff.The mangers become aware of the serious problems and difficulties present in the organizational structure.
This mode also enhances the relay of information of the possible suggestions for improvement.The junior staff usually relays crucial information on ideas for developing task related processes to enhance the quality of efficiency of the institution’s processes.This provides the management with crucial information on the relevant changes to execute in alleviating the underlying issues and problems.This mode is also employed in an organization when the junior staff is communication of their grievances and disputes.
The junior staff will often air their grievances and disputes to the management when the organizational structure of the institution avails the necessary avenues.
The grievances are relayed to the management for hearing and possible resolution.Prudent managers usually follow the relayed grievances with the provision of logical and doable collective bargaining agreements.This works a lot in allaying drastic actions by the junior staff such as boycotts and strikes.Wise mangers usually enhance this aspect by encouraging the entire staff to express their feelings to the management.Prudent management practices calls upon the provision of both upward and downward communication flows.
Information is supposed to travel in both directions across the organization.Upward communication is mainly hindered when the management fails to address the grievances and issues raised by the company staff.The company will often feel neglected leading to low performance morale within the organization.This ends up in affecting the quality of production within the organization.Horizontal Communication In very great and complex organizational structures, another communication flow exists known as horizontal communication.
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As opposed to the normal, upwards and downwards communication flows that involve the flow of information across the hierarchy, this communication flow constitutes the flow of information within the hierarchy.During this communication flow, the information conveyed is mainly meant for harmony and coordination purposes.Horizontal communication harmonizes the activities across and within the various departments that constitute the organization Where to buy an anthropology report senior one hour chicago turabian nbsp.Horizontal communication harmonizes the activities across and within the various departments that constitute the organization.
Horizontal communication flow is mainly categorized into three categories namely; intradepartmental problem solving, interdepartmental coordination and staff advice to line departments.In the intradepartmental solving category, the information is conveyed within the same department where the members share ideas on how to allay the existing issues and concern task accomplishment.
On the interdepartmental coordination category, the information is conveyed across different departments and is mainly aimed at harmonizing the various activities that are shared by different departments within the organizational system Discuss Ecosystem Best Essay Writing Service Platinumtermpapers.On the interdepartmental coordination category, the information is conveyed across different departments and is mainly aimed at harmonizing the various activities that are shared by different departments within the organizational system.Constant communication between the different departments is essential in ensuring there is harmony for the organization to meet its objectives.The category of staff advice to line departments is the information conveyed by specialist within the organizational structure who requires help in their areas.Horizontal communication is mainly aimed at enhancing and ensuring harmony and coordination within the organization.The horizontal channels allows information to flow enhancing the departments to work smoothly and in harmony without having to rely on fixed and taxing upward and downward communication channels.
Many of the organizations provide horizontal communication flow through the establishment of task forces, committees or the creation of matrix organizational structures aimed at enhancing coordination.Diagonal Communication : Diagonal communication flow is the relay of information between the higher-level employees of the organization with personnel working in different functional divisions.Diagonal communication flow was captured to capture the gap created by the irrelevance of vertical and horizontal communication in many of the modern organizational structures.Diagonal communication flow is mainly aimed at serving the communication needs of the modern organizational structures such as the matrix organizational structure and organizations that are based on projects.This type of communication flow is enhanced by its ability in making an organization more elastic through the enhancement of communication flow across both directions, between the top levels of the organizations to those below and vice versa.
The communication flow also alleviates the rigid command structure that tends to slow down organizations in “red tape”.The communication flow also enhances the efficient and quick responses to the issues raised by the junior staff (Lunenburg, & Ornstein, 96).The interdepartmental communication evidenced in diagonal communication enhances the fast dissemination of information thereby facilitating the efficient utilization of time.The communication flow also tends to give the personnel a sense of empowerment thereby allowing more independence.However, the communication flow faces various criticisms in that it only works in theory as opposed to reality.
In reality, the mangers become less involved and in the process may end up being angry.Information is not relayed to all the intended persons thus some people are left ignorant.External communication External communication is whereby information is communicated between the organization’s personnel with the organization’s stakeholders who are outside the organization’s structure.The stakeholders who are outside the organizational structure are the administrators, who do not work directly with the company, the serving government officials, the community neighboring the company etc.although these individuals do not work for the organization, they are affected either directly or indirectly by the affairs of the organization.
This communication flow is mainly aimed at ensuring the organization is in harmony with the outside environment.It enables the organization abides with the government requirements, and is in good terms with the immediate community.Conclusion: In conclusion, we find that all the four communication flows are essential in any organization’s structure.It is crucial for every organization to have horizontal, diagonal, upward and downward communication flows.Downward communication is the flow of information from the organization’s top-level managers to their juniors.
This information mainly comprises of instruction and information on policy application in the organizational structure.Upward communication is the flow of information from the junior staff to the senior staff.The information relayed comprises mainly of possible suggestions, issues, and grievances.Horizontal communication is mainly aimed at coordinating the various activities shared by the different departments.Diagonal communication flow is the relay of information between the higher-level employees of the organization with personnel working in different functional divisions.
External communication flows involves the relay of information between the company’s personnel with outside stakeholders who do not participate to the day-to-day running of the organization.