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- 100 editing and proofreading tips for writers the expert editor
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- Help me with a human rights essay without plagiarism 12 hours proofreading standard 109 pages / 29975 words
How to best use writing and proofreading tools huffpost
Proofreading Numbers, symbols, and abbreviations correct and consistent? Italicising/bolding consistent? Citations cross-checked with Reference List? Have you spelt the same word in the same (correct) way throughout? For example or Use the spellcheck on your word processor, but be warned: it will not find everything, and it will usually recommend you American spelling.This is important particularly when a long or complex subject precedes the main verb.
(Pick the error:) The proteolytic Are participles attached to their subjects? Studying these examples, the conclusions were /> The solution is to substitute an active or passive verb: When we studied these examples How to Write a Paper. Mike Ashby. Engineering Department, University of Cambridge, Cambridge. 6rd Edition, April 2005 longitudinally and laterally. Figure 3. A model for a concept sheet. Things that are still needed. Boxes with main headings. Links between sections of text The draft has matured for 48 hours or more .(Pick the error:) The proteolytic Are participles attached to their subjects? Studying these examples, the conclusions were /> The solution is to substitute an active or passive verb: When we studied these examples.
Do pronouns refer clearly to an antecedent? In older strata the effect is different and may be found throughout the layers, but not in X.This is not a boundary, however, between two types of layer Proofreading grammar and spelling online checking service.This is not a boundary, however, between two types of layer.Is it clear what " In this connection, we may say thatProofreading grammar and spelling online checking service.
Is it clear what " In this connection, we may say that .
Studies some years ago by Phipps and Green (1981) is not as clear as>br /> the investigation by Phipps and Green (1989) which showed .Check for sentence fragments For example, the increase in the cost of manufacturing.If your first language is not English, you may need to pay special attention to the following Click on the highlighted text to see the comments.Articles ( Remember that, for titles, the article is often omitted for the sake of brevity.
Delete or add articles where you think appropriate in the following titles and headings and write the corrected titles in the text fields below: The Temperature Dependence of the Heats of Reaction The Solubility of Carbon Disulfide with the Methyl Alcohol Angular Distribution of the Orbitals The Effect of Inner Shells on Single Outer Electron Check your answer information, software and Tense selection Be consistent with tenses: Do not change tense if there is no logical reason to do so.
Parallel structures What is the problem with this example? The following actions were taken: advertising the product, improve quality control, and the retail price down.Better: The following actions were taken: the product was advertised, quality control was improved, and the retail price was reduced.Use of logical connectors on the other hand, by comparison.Use nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs appropriately.Be sure you are clear about the following: noun = the person, place, or thing adjective = word describing the thing verb = the process or action adverb = word describing the process or action Complete the following table with the missing word forms.
Noun Make sure that plural nouns are always matched with plural verb forms, and vice versa.Rewrite the following paragraph and correct any singular/plural errors and any examples of bad subject-verb agreement Nitrifying bacteria are sensitive organism and extremely sensitive to a wide variety of inhibitor.A variety of organic and inorganic agent can inhibit the growth and action of these organisms.
How to order a human rights essay confidentially 3 days doctoral a4 (british/european) standard
High concentration of ammonia and nitrous acid can be inhibitory.6 exist, but system acclimated to lower PH condition have successfully nitrified.Temperature also exerts a tremendous influence on the growth of nitrifying bacteria 9 Apr 2014 - Others openly say that they will write essays for students. One agency, good-essay-writers.com, claims to provide 100% plagiarism-free papers for those who have no time or inspiration . But all this comes at a price. Students can pay anything from £5.45 to £19.35 per 1,00 words for an essay under .Temperature also exerts a tremendous influence on the growth of nitrifying bacteria.
However, quantification of this effect has been difficult.
Dissolved oxygen concentration above 1 mg/L are essential for nitrification to occur 4 Apr 2017 - We all sometimes make a typo that omits or changes a letter in a word. A typo like that is difficult to spot when the mistake is still an actual word (or words). Just last week, I wrote “head lice” instead of “headline.” Again, two completely different things. But I have an effective proofreading process that helps me .Dissolved oxygen concentration above 1 mg/L are essential for nitrification to occur.If DO levels drop below this value, oxygen become the limiting nutrient and nitrification slows or cease 4 Apr 2017 - We all sometimes make a typo that omits or changes a letter in a word. A typo like that is difficult to spot when the mistake is still an actual word (or words). Just last week, I wrote “head lice” instead of “headline.” Again, two completely different things. But I have an effective proofreading process that helps me .If DO levels drop below this value, oxygen become the limiting nutrient and nitrification slows or cease.Your answer: The corrected titles and headings are as follows: Temperature Dependence of Heats of Reaction Solubility of Carbon Disulfide with Methyl Alcohol The Angular Distribution of Orbitals Effect of Inner Shells on a Single Outer Electron Subject-verb agreement Cringe! You've long known your word processor's spell and grammar checker offered only so much help.Likewise, the newer, heavily-hyped writing tools also remain inadequate to proofread your writing jreference.com/thesis/should-i-order-a-college-agricultural-studies-thesis-a4-british-european-24-hours-american.Likewise, the newer, heavily-hyped writing tools also remain inadequate to proofread your writing.No tool can completely "fix" your writing and none advertises perfection.
To be sure, as long proofreading algorithms remain blunt instruments, the essay editing service industry can hope to cash in on their weaknesses.But in the end, no matter which product you use, digital or human, nor how much you pay, you will still find errors or weak moments that should have been caught.Here's the hard truth, whether you are a native speaker or an English Language Learner: No one is going to do a better job improving your writing than you.So, save your money and sharpen your own skills.Writing tools, once you understand their limitations, can help you hone your proofreading abilities, especially when used in addition to peer reviews and visits your campus writing center.
Here, I'll comment on just two tools: Grammarly and Hemingway, describe some of their shortcomings and suggest ways to use them as supplements to your own eyes.Grammarly advertises itself as "the world's most accurate grammar checker" and for its premium paid service, Grammarly scans "your text for proper use of more than 250 advanced grammar rules, spanning everything from subject-verb agreement to article use to modifier placement." In January 2015, the company began transitioning away from the pricing model, but Grammarly for Microsoft Office only works online and on Windows.If you're working on a Mac, you still need to pay.For emails and online communications you can use the free Chrome and Safari extensions and other browser extensions (e.
100 editing and proofreading tips for writers the expert editor
I tried these browser extensions with my emails and found they suffered the same difficulty with foreign words, names, and homophones as spellcheckers.Grammarly caught "their" and "there" and "you're" and "your," but surprisingly often failed to catch "it's" and "its" nor "seen" and "scene." Moreover, the algorithm failed to identify the difference between "which" used as a determiner and pronoun 7 Jul 2014 - Since you have to write an argumentative essay, you might as well learn how to write it well, right? I've said it time 3. Thesis. Your thesis typically makes up the last sentence of your intro paragraph. This is where you clearly state your position on the topic and give a reason for your stance. For example, “A .
" Moreover, the algorithm failed to identify the difference between "which" used as a determiner and pronoun.
For example, it suggested I change "no matter which writing tools you use.Grammarly also fails to catch simple cut and paste errors that arise from accidentally pasting in the same sentence or passage twice, nor does it consistently detect any missing or wrong words in a sentence.95 month's subscription, I tried fivve different types of documents on it.1) A 1200 word freshman writing paper on rhetorical techniques in The Rev." 2) A 650-word common app essay written by a senior at a San Francisco public high school.5) The journal's editor's comments on that scholarly article.
The premium version found at least two passive voice constructions in each piece.
For such "errors," you need to ask yourself, whether your audience views passive voice as a serious stylistic weakness, or not.I know many students and colleagues, who learned somewhere in their early education that passive voice is a vice only somewhat less pernicious than kleptomania.Meanwhile, there are many STEM writers, who need to use passive voice, simply because their algorithms don't (yet) have agency, and there are many cases where an active verb just wouldn't make much sense.While the English language and its grammar rules are constantly evolving, Grammarly seems to read for old school audiences.Except that the algorithm produces an excessive amount of false positives for everyday vocabulary one would use in a blog such as this, or even in a college homework, and has iron-clad dislikes.It flags "own" in any usage regardless of context.Its suggestions also seem calibrated to only the simplest sentences.Unfortunately, none of the genres of writing that I tested in the program was simple.Most of the sentences that the Grammarly algorithm flagged where marked as suffering from "wordiness," which it explains like this: This sentence is very long.
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To improve readability, consider breaking this into multiple sentences.On the Grammarly website there's also this description of wordiness: If you can say it in five words instead of nine, do so.Also look for: Unnecessarily long words (Do you need to use discombobulate, or could you use confused?) Unnecessarily long sentences (A sentence with more than two or three clauses may be better separated into two sentences University Essay Writing Help Professional Academic Help Online in nbsp.Also look for: Unnecessarily long words (Do you need to use discombobulate, or could you use confused?) Unnecessarily long sentences (A sentence with more than two or three clauses may be better separated into two sentences.
) No doubt a little concision goes a long way to make your writing shine.But Grammarly indiscriminately flags all complex sentences and conceptual thinking--the mainstay of college writing Write my human rights essay high quality 41 pages / 11275 words Formatting Premium American.
But Grammarly indiscriminately flags all complex sentences and conceptual thinking--the mainstay of college writing.
Thus, one has to question every "critical issue" the program flags.The best way to use these imperfect tools is to talk back to them, as you would to a robot chess program that you always second guess.Only, grammar programs can't assess language as well as chess programs can calculate possible future moves.In fact, you can find the answer much better if you just read your sentence out loud.Ask yourself: Does it sound right? Your guess is better than Grammarly's in most cases.
Also don't be overly impressed by complicated sounding errors like "squinting modifiers." Usually, the program is flagging keywords that you might in fact be using correctly.If you find yourself struggling to decide between a correctly flagged colloquialism like "I am taller than him," which should be "I am taller than he, and your own ear-- then look it up in a grammar guide-- Strunk and White's Elements of Style is the old standard, but there are many competitors.A talking back, cross-checking reference guides-- all these actions improve your writing and help you make the best use of proofreading programs.Experiment with as many electronic as you can, especially if they are free-- the paid services aren't worth their weak and erroneous results most of the time, and remember an algorithm is not the last tool you should use before turning in a paper.
I used both Grammarly and Hemingway proofreading this blog but still found many errors.99 for a desktop app, seems like a bargain compared to Grammarly.But it absolutely cannot be used to catch your grammar, typos, and other howlers.This is not at all a good proofreading tool for students, but can be a lot of fun use as a sparring partner.
3 proofreading pointers so your writing isn t shared for the wrong nbsp
Hemingway is usually wrong, but the real trick is for you to understand why.Hemingway only identifies sentences that are long and complex, passive voice, overly complicated phrasing and overuse of adverbs.The weakness of its algorithm has already been lampooned in a number of venues, most infamously in The New Yorker for giving the author Ernest Hemingway himself a low rating 15 Jan 2017 - The writing goes on forever, while the editing and proofreading becomes compressed into a few hours. You cannot catch errors, When editing and proofreading, turn off the full justification feature in your word processor that pushes text flush up against the right margin. When you use full justification, you .The weakness of its algorithm has already been lampooned in a number of venues, most infamously in The New Yorker for giving the author Ernest Hemingway himself a low rating.
This blog produced these results: - 7 of 136 sentences were hard to read.- 17 of 136 sentences were very hard to read.
My student's paper received this assessment: - 18 of 103 sentences were hard to read Where to purchase an human rights essay privacy Writing from scratch APA Junior 48 hours.My student's paper received this assessment: - 18 of 103 sentences were hard to read.- 17 of 103 sentences were very hard to read.The journal editor's report came back: - 20 of 50 sentences were hard to read.- 29 of 50 sentences were very hard to read.
Entering that same essay I'd submitted to a journal, I received these results: - 209 of 653 sentences were hard to read.
- 389 of 653 sentences were very hard to read.When using Hemingway try looking through its lists of errors and ask yourself if you could write a better sentence.In most cases you can, but not because Hemingway gives you any new insights.The program just prompts you to rethink; then you need to choose the stylistic changes that work best.As a tech optimist, who witnesses the ever-growing improvement of Natural Language Processing technologies everywhere, I think there's hope for such proofreading algorithms.
I also bet it's not hard to give the current tools on the market a run for their money.I'm quite impressed with the Longs' two brother operation at Hemingway--so far, but it has a long way to go to be truly useful.I'd really like to see more college students and grads build better, smarter, free or affordable programs.Nothing will replace proofreading by hand, but it's entirely possible for algorithms to understand better the nuances of individual writers and their audiences.
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In the meantime, while we are waiting for algorithms to get smarter and more refined, here are some old school tricks that help you talk back to writing tools.
Put a dictionary, thesaurus and style guide on your desk.Use the hardcopy reference guides to cross-check suggestions and get better ideas 21 Sep 2015 - No tool can completely “fix” your writing and none advertises perfection. To be sure, as long proofreading algorithms remain blunt instruments, the essay editing service industry can hope to cash in on their weaknesses. But in the end, no matter which product you use, digital or human, nor how much you .Use the hardcopy reference guides to cross-check suggestions and get better ideas.
For the best formatting style, the stalwart online style guide is free: Purdue OWL No commercial product has matched it yet.When you're proofreading with printed papers, try these time-honored techniques .
When you're proofreading with printed papers, try these time-honored techniques.
1) Edit your paper in sections and several short blocks of time.Your concentration may waver if you try to proofread the entire text at once.5) Cover the paper with a blank page so you can just see one line at a time.7) Read something else to clear your mind before you do a final edit.
Some newer tricks with screens: 1) Remember to use that dictionary on your desk to cross check your spellchecker and algorithm, neither of which can be sure if you've picked the wrong word.2) On the screen, highlight and check one sentence a time.3) Alter the size, spacing, color, or style of the text.4) Flip the screen 90 degrees and read at a different angle.
5) Paste paragraphs into Google Translate into a language you know and read it again--this will produce some laughs but also give you a new perspective.Any errors or typos will further confuse the translator and will stand out immediately! Good luck, and always talk back to the machine--this way algorithms will improve and so will you! Close International students are paying for their work to be proofread, edited and, in some cases, written entirely, by professional writers and agencies, raising concerns around issues of support and plagiarism."Most students who ask me for a quotation are from outside the UK and English is their second language," says Louise Harnby, who has been a professional proofreader since 2005."Many of them simply don't have the access to sufficient language-support services at their university." Harnby says she has experienced an increase in the number of foreign students seeking proofreading support, which she says is in line with the rise in the number of international students studying in the UK – a trend recently proved to be unstable, with figures from the Higher Education Funding Council of England (Hefce) showing the UK experienced a fall in the total number of international students for the first time in 29 years in 2013.
Is proofreading classed as cheating? Whether it's acceptable or not for students to use proofreading services to help them with their work has divided academic opinion.
International students are turning to proofreading agencies to get nbsp
Some say the practice is blatant cheating, while others argue that it can help students with weak English language skills and dyslexia.Harnby says: "I don't think most students are trying to cheat – I think they're trying to do the best they can with the language skills they have." Judy Carroll, who runs workshops on deterring students from plagiarism and effective teaching of international students, says that using proofreading services can been seen as cheating and that students should always "go for transparency" when submitting assessed work Proofreading Monash University.
" Judy Carroll, who runs workshops on deterring students from plagiarism and effective teaching of international students, says that using proofreading services can been seen as cheating and that students should always "go for transparency" when submitting assessed work.
She says: "I define cheating as students seeking an unfair learning advantage.
If a student is saying, 'Give me credit because I can write grammatically correct and error-free text', then the student is misleading the assessor and seeking an unfair learning benefit as it isn't their skills and their learning that is being judged."If the student is submitting ideas, arguments, original work, research etc for credit (so, content not text), then using a proofreader seems a very useful thing." Students not getting enough support Carroll, who was formerly educational developer at Oxford Brookes University, says students are "probably not" getting the support they need at universities.A reason for this, she suggests, is because "many have needs that exceed any reasonable ability to meet them, and more than a few wish things to be done for them rather than them getting down and dirty with the hard work of writing!" Proofreading agencies boast of being able to improve grades and offer the academic support which they claim universities have failed to provide who can help me with my anthropology report British single spaced Premium.A reason for this, she suggests, is because "many have needs that exceed any reasonable ability to meet them, and more than a few wish things to be done for them rather than them getting down and dirty with the hard work of writing!" Proofreading agencies boast of being able to improve grades and offer the academic support which they claim universities have failed to provide.They also empathise with students on the difficulties of studying for a degree in a foreign language.
On its website, Cambridge Proofreading LCC states: "If you do not get a significantly improved grade from our proofreading and editing work, we will give you a full refund." Another agency, Oxford Tutors, states: "Most students are being let down by their universities in providing them with adequate tutorial support .This is where we step in!" Others openly say that they will write essays for students.One agency, , claims to provide "100% plagiarism-free papers" for those who "have no time or inspiration".
35 per 1,00 words for an essay under 80,000 words, depending on their requirements.Up to universities to create proofreading policies Some of the services offered far exceed what universities and some proofreaders would see as legitimate intervention in students' work, but free-market rules apply for the use of these services, and therefore, it's up to universities to police any academic dishonesty.
Although most universities have now designed policies on proofreading and copy-editing for students – with many forbidding the use of such agencies, or requiring students to be open about using them – it's still difficult to prove and there is uncertainty about whether universities are willing to act.Julia Molinari, English for Academic Purposes (EAP) tutor and PhD researcher at the University of Nottingham, says there isn't much academics can do about students using these services because "plagiarism software can't detect a ghost text in so far as it is de facto original.It's a bit of a taboo topic, one we tend to gloss over and one that leaves a bitter aftertaste." Alan Smithers, the director of the centre for education and employment research at Buckingham University, says: "I once had a PhD student whose thesis was so much better than her command of English led me to expect, but the university (not Buckingham) did not want to get involved in an investigation.
Help me with a human rights essay without plagiarism 12 hours proofreading standard 109 pages / 29975 words
" Reliance on coursework not helping He suggests the use of proofreading agencies by undergraduates could be "greatly reduced by switching back to actual examinations".
He says: "The ever-increasing reliance on coursework is an open invitation to seek external props where you can find them." Kim Shahabudin, study adviser at the University of Reading, says her university does not recommend professional proofreaders because of the "danger that intended meaning may be changed" Use the spellcheck on your word processor, but be warned: it will not find everything, and it will usually recommend you American spelling. Improve your spelling Delete or add articles where you think appropriate in the following titles and headings and write the corrected titles in the text fields below: The Temperature ." Kim Shahabudin, study adviser at the University of Reading, says her university does not recommend professional proofreaders because of the "danger that intended meaning may be changed".
She says: "We advise international students who are not confident about their academic writing to ask a fellow student, who is a native English speaker, to read through their work with them.This way they learn, self-correct and gain more confidence in their language skills." Following the scandal over alleged plagiarism and the extra assistant given to Saif al-Islam Gaddafi during his PhD at LSE in 2011, the Office of the Independent Adjudicator (OIA) urged universities to develop clear policies on what kind of academic help students were allowed to access.
Rob Behrens, the independent adjudicator, says: "Universities need to be rigorous in defining what is permitted, and to set this out clearly."Buying essays and submitting them as one's own is regarded as academic misconduct jreference.com/essay/best-websites-to-get-astrophysics-technology-essay-turabian-147-pages-40425-words-single-spaced-confidentiality."Buying essays and submitting them as one's own is regarded as academic misconduct.The OIA has reviewed a number of complaints involving both kinds of practice." Do students know where they stand? In the US, the use of external academic support services is more generally accepted, providing students disclose what they've had help with.Australia has gone one step further and had the Australian Standards for Editing Practice (Asep) embedded in universities' degree regulations.
Because not every UK university has established guidelines around proofreading – including Coventry University which says that it's now developing a policy around the use of proofreading services – are students clear about what the rules are and whether it's an acceptable level of support? Since the OIA has no plans to establish guidelines in this area, it's down to universities to clarify.Proofreader Louise Harnby says although she doesn't look over students' work without written consent from their supervisors, she would like to see a more "unified policy throughout the UK so that both domestic and foreign students know exactly where they stand." With no hard data, it's hard to say how many students use these services.But what's clear is that not all students believe it's ethical.Victoria Jayne Dovey, a creative writing student at the University of East Anglia, says she has noticed an increase in advertisements on social networking sites boasting copywriting services for students, but that this has never tempted her to use them.
She says: "I have never been interested in such a thing despite numerous deadlines and final year stress as it would undermine my past four years of study." On a student forum discussion about using proofreading services, one commenter, who blogged under the name Philbert, wrote: "If you can't be bothered to write your own essays, you shouldn't be at university." Since international students bring in money, and lots of it, and there's no cap on the number of international students that UK universities can recruit, the questions that begs an answer is how universities are going to ensure that they maintain professional integrity and standards, while providing academically sound degrees to the foreign students they recruit.